Survival and Mortality

AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY

Elevated temperature exacerbates the effects of drought on the carbon and hydraulic characteristics of Robinia pseudoacacia seedlings
Yan, Zhong, Shangguan in: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2020), 280, Article 107794

Impact assessment of a super-typhoon on Hong Kong’s secondary vegetation and recommendations for restoration of resilience in the forest succession
Abbas et al. in: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2020), 280, Article 107784

Similar patterns of background mortality across Europe are mostly driven by drought in European beech and a combination of drought and competition in Scots pine
Archambeau et al. in: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2020), 280, Article 107772

CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH

Early seral pathways of vegetation change following repeated short-interval, high-severity wildfire in a low-elevation, mixed conifer – hardwood forest landscape of the Klamath Mountains, California
McCord et al. in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2020), 50:1, pp 13-23

FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

Post-fire aspen (Populus tremuloides) regeneration varies in response to winter precipitation across a regional climate gradient
McIlroy, Shinneman in: Forest Ecology and Management (2020), 455, Article 117681

FORESTRY

Growth and survival dynamics of partially cut northern hardwood stands as affected by precut competition and spatial distribution of residual trees
Moreau, Achim, Pothier in: Forestry (2020), 93:1, pp 96-106

Seasonal, medium-term and daily patterns of tree diameter growth in response to climate
Vospernik, Nothdurft, Mehtatalo in: Forestry (2020), 93:1, pp 133-149

FORESTS

Assessing and Modeling Soil Detachment Capacity by Overland Flow in Forest and Woodland of Northern Iran
Parhizkar et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 65

Figure 2 The experimental flume used to measure the rill detachment capacity under four land uses in the Saravan watershed (Northern Iran) [45,46].


Can Strict Protection Stop the Decline of Mangrove Ecosystems in China? From Rapid Destruction to Rampant Degradation
Wang et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 55

Figure 1 Distribution of mangrove forests and the mangrove protected areas in mainland China.

Cloning, Characterization and Expression Analysis of the Phosphate Starvation Response Gene, ClPHR1, from Chinese Fir
Chen et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 104

Figure 2 Prediction of ClPHR1 structure. Prediction of ClPHR1 secondary structure; blue: α-helix; red: extended strand; green: β-turn; purple: random coil.

Combined Effects of Drought and Shading on Growth and Non-Structural Carbohydrates in Pinus massoniana Lamb. Seedlings
Deng et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 18

Figure 1 Effects of drought and shading treatments on gas exchange parameter of Pinus massoniana seedlings (umol·m−2·s−1). CK: control (full sunlight and 70% field capacity); DR: drought (full sunlight and 30% field capacity); LL: shading (30% sunlight and 70% field capacity); DRLL: combined drought and shading (30% sunlight and 30% field capacity). The letters denote: (A) Photosynthetic rate, (umol·m−2·s−1); (B) Stomatal conductance, (mmol·m−2·s−1); (C) Intercellular CO2 concentration, (umol·m−2·s−1); (D) Transpiration rate, (mmol·m−2·s−1); (E) Water use efficency, (umol/mmol).


Comparative Transcriptome Analyses of Gene Response to Different Light Conditions of Camellia oleifera Leaf Using Illumina and Single-Molecule Real-Time-Based RNA-Sequencing
Song et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 91

Figure 1 Influence of different light qualities on the leaf structure of C. oleifera. (A) The influence of white light on leaf structure in C. oleifera. (B) The influence of red light on leaf structure of C. oleifera. (C) The influence of blue light on leaf structure of C. oleifera. UE represents the upper epidermis; PM represents the palisade mesophyll; SM represents the spongy mesophyll; IS represents the intercellular spaces; and LE represents the lower epidermis. W, R, and B represent white, red, and blue light conditions, respectively. The bar is 200 μm.


Constitutive and Cold Acclimation-Regulated Protein Expression Profiles of Scots Pine Seedlings Reveal Potential for Adaptive Capacity of Geographically Distant Populations
Baniulis et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 89

Figure 2 Quantitative distribution of differentially expressed protein spots identified by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis of needle protein samples isolated from seedlings originating from the Spanish (SP), Finish (FI) and Lithuanian (LT) Scots pine populations. Number of differentially expressed protein spots between the populations under growth promoting conditions (a) and upon acclimation (b) is shown. Number of upregulated and downregulated protein spots upon acclimation treatment are indicated by numbers separated by slash (c). The portion of the cycles overlapping between two or all three populations indicate a number of protein spots that are differentially expressed between the two or among all three populations, respectively.

Correlation of Field-Measured and Remotely Sensed Plant Water Status as a Tool to Monitor the Risk of Drought-Induced Forest Decline
Marusig et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 77

Figure 2 Maximum (black line) and minimum (grey line) temperature with precipitation (bars) values, measured in the meteorological station of Sgonico during summer 2019. Black circles denote field sampling dates.

Development of Fine Root Biomass of Two Contrasting Urban Tree Cultivars in Response to Drought Stress
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 108

Figure 1 Schematic structure of the drought experiment and selected trees of Tilia cordata and Tilia tomentosa. The rooting zones of trees covered by the rainfall exclusion constructions were the drought treatment group, whereas trees exposed to ambient weather conditions for the control group.

Does Ozone Alter the Attractiveness of Japanese White Birch Leaves to the Leaf Beetle Agelastica coerulea via Changes in Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOCs): An Examination with the Y-Tube Test
Masui et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 58

Figure 1 Olfactory response test (Y-tube preference test). Each arrow in this figure indicates the aerial direction.

Functional Trait Plasticity but Not Coordination Differs in Absorptive and Transport Fine Roots in Response to Soil Depth
Wang et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 42

Figure 1 Typical anatomical structures the first five orders of roots in surface (0–10 cm) and subsurface (20–30 cm) soil layers in Juglans mandshurica, Fraxinus mandshurica,
 and Phellodendron amurense.

Ground Beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Response to Harvest Residue Retention: Implications for Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Production
Grodsky et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 48


Growth, Nutrient Assimilation, and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) Seedlings in Response to Light Spectra
Wei et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 44

Figure 1 Layout of the culture of Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) seedlings under three light-emitting diode (LED) spectra. HPS—high-pressure sodium (lamps); R1BG5—electric current for red and combined green and blue LEDs were controlled to be 10% and 50%, respectively; R2BG3—electric current was controlled to be 20% (red) and 30% (green and blue); R3BG1—electric current was controlled to be 30% (red) and 10% (green and blue).

Hardwood Species Show Wide Variability in Response to Silviculture during Reclamation of Coal Mine Sites
Schempf, Jacobs in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 72

Figure 1 Example of the experimental design at one planting site using a factorial structure of 3 species × 2 herbicide treatments (1 year or 2 years of herbicide) × 2 nursery stocktype treatments (bareroot or container) × 2 browse control treatments (tree shelter or none). Light gray color indicates one year of herbicide, and dark gray indicates two years of herbicide.

Influence of Leaf Physical Properties on Single-Leaf Vibrational Response to Sound
Li, Kang in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 115

Figure 1 Experimental Setup: (a) Overhead view of the measurement; (b) Lateral view of the measurement; (c) Photograph of the layout.

Modelling Post-Disturbance Successional Dynamics of the Canadian Boreal Mixedwoods
Maleki et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 3

Figure 1 Conceptual model of the different simulation scenarios that are described in Table 2 to study one century of post-fire stand dynamics, with and without spruce budworm outbreak events.

Physiological Responses of Handeliodendron bodinieri (Levl.) Rehd. to Exogenous Calcium Supply under Drought Stress
Leng et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 69

Figure 1 Effects of exogenous calcium on the relative water content (a) and water potential (b) of H. bodinieri. under drought stress. Note: Ck: treatment 1 (control); Drought: treatment 2; Drought + 2 mM Ca: treatment 3; Drought + 5 mM Ca: treatment 4; Drought + 10 mM Ca: treatment 5. Different capital letters indicate a significant differences between. Treatments within each sampling time, and lower case letters indicate a significant difference between sampling time within each treatment (p
 < 0.05). The figure data are the average standard error of the three replicates, and the same is below.

Pinus sylvestris Breeding for Resistance against Natural Infection of the Fungus Heterobasidion annosum
Rieksts-Riekstins et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 23

Figure 1 Scheme of the different selection criteria applied. Abbreviations: H—tree height; StVol—stem volume; RotResist—root rot resistance index.

Relationships between Leaf Anatomy and Physiological Functioning of Southern US Oak Species Differing in Flood Tolerance
Renninger et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 73

Figure 1 Leaf N concentration (%) vs. (a) stomatal density (no. mm−2; r2 = 0.21; p
 < 0.0001) and (b) epidermal cell density (no. mm−2; r2 = 0.31; p
 < 0.0001) for Nuttall (dark blue, up triangle), Shumard (green circle), swamp chestnut (yellow square), water (light blue down triangle), and white oak (magenta diamond).

Response of Photosynthesis and Chlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters of Castanopsis kawakamii Seedlings to Forest Gaps
He et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 21

Figure 1 The Chl-b content and Chl-a/b ratio of C. kawakamii seedlings in forest gaps and non-gaps.

Soil pH and Organic Matter Content Affects European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) Crown Defoliation and Its Impact on Understory Vegetation
Turczanski et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 22

Figure 3 Results of redundancy analysis (RDA) of understory species composition at the background of mean defoliation within the study plots. Each point represent a study plot (n = 27), black names represent species scores (first four letters of genera and species name; for clarity, only species with total cover >20% were plotted; all plant species names are given in the Material and methods section). The red label indicates the constraining factor, soil pH (driver of species composition; goodness of fit test in Table 5), while blue labels indicate passively fitted vegetation features (i.e., correlated with species composition gradients; Table 6 for abbreviation and goodness of fit).

Tree-Ring Analysis Reveals Density-Dependent Vulnerability to Drought in Planted Mongolian Pines
Sun et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 98

Figure 1 Classification of afforestation for Mongolian pine in sandy land in the construction regions of the Three-North Shelter Forest. Location, elevation, and climate of the experimental site in Zhangbei County, Hebei Province, China. Triangle: sampling plot for analysis of tree rings; red star: Zhangbei town.

Variability and Plasticity in Cuticular Transpiration and Leaf Permeability Allow Differentiation of Eucalyptus Clones at an Early Age
Carignato et al. in: Forests (2020), 11:1, Article 9

Figure 1 (a) Leaf zones (B; C; A) of which leaf prints were made to observe the stomata, and (b) the width and length of the stomatal cell (SW, SL) and the epidermis opening where the ostiole is located (OW, OL).

FRONTIERS IN FORESTS AND GLOBAL CHANGE

Fire effects on understory forest regeneration in southern Amazonia
Prestes et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2020), 3, Article 10

Forest Carbon Resilience of Eastern Spruce Budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) Salvage Harvesting in the Northeastern United States
Gunn et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2020), 3, Article 14

Impact of gall-forming insects on global BVOC emissions and climate: a perspective
Vanhatalo et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2020), 3, Article 9

Invasive tree pests devastate ecosystems – A proposed new response framework
Bonello et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2020), 3, Article 2

Stem Mortality and Forest Dieback in a 20-Years Experimental Drought in a Mediterranean Holm Oak Forest
Ogaya et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2019), 2, Article 89

The effect of forest management options on forest resilience to pathogens
Roberts et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2020), 3, Article 7

JOURNAL OF FORESTRY

The 1912 Douglas-Fir Heredity Study: Long-Term Effects of Climatic Transfer Distance on Growth and Survival
St. Clair, Howe, Kling in: Journal of Forestry (2020), 118:1, pp 1-13

JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE

Diversity of functional trade‐offs enhances survival after fire in Neotropical savanna species
Scalon et al. in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2020), 31:1, pp 139-150

How do plant communities differ between fire refugia and fire‐generated early‐seral vegetation?
Downing et al. in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2020), 31:1, pp 26-39

Plant diversity in deciduous temperate forests reflects interplay among ancient and recent environmental stress
Sipos et al. in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2020), 31:1, pp 53-62

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS

Low growth resilience to drought is related to future mortality risk in trees
DeSoto et al. in: Nature Communications (2020), 11, Article 545

Reconciling the disagreement between observed and simulated temperature responses to deforestation
Chen, Dirmeyer in: Nature Communications (2020), 11, Article 202

NEW FORESTS

Effect of combined stress (salinity + hypoxia) and auxin rooting hormone addition on morphology and growth traits in six Salix spp. clones
Quinones Martorello et al. in: New Forests (2020), 51:1, pp 61-80

Pests, climate and competition effects on survival and growth of trembling aspen in western Canada
Cortini, Comeau in: New Forests (2020), 51:1, pp 175-190

PLANT ECOLOGY

Microbial communities associated with distance- and density-dependent seedling mortality in a tropical rainforest
Wood et al. in: Plant Ecology (2020), 221:1, pp 41-54

URBAN FORESTRY & URBAN GREENING

Improving resilience of an old-growth urban forest in Southern Italy: Lesson(s) from a stand-replacing windstorm
Teobaldelli et al. in: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening (2020), 47, Article 126521

WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Two-dimensional simulation of mechanical stresses during isothermal drying of Eucalyptus nitens wood
Salinas et al. in: Wood Science and Technology (2020)54:1, pp 187-201

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