Forest Growth

ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE

Assessing the scaling of the tree branch diameters frequency distribution with terrestrial laser scanning: methodological framework and issues  
Dassot, Fournier, Deleuze in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 66

Climate has a larger effect than stand basal area on wood density in Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum in the southwestern USA  
Vaughan et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 85

Comparing local calibration using random effects estimation and Bayesian calibrations: a case study with a mixed effect stem profile model  
Bouriaud, Stefan, Saint-Andre in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 65

Dynamics of gaps and large openings in a secondary forest of Northeast China over 50 years  
Zhu et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 72

Phenology of wood formation in larch (Larix decidua Mill.) trees growing along a 1000-m elevation gradient in the French Southern Alps 
Saderi et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 89

Quantifying intra-annual dynamics of carbon sequestration in the forming wood: a novel histologic approach  
Andrianantenaina et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 62

Seasonal adjustment of primary and secondary growth in maritime pine under simulated climatic changes  
Vieira et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 84

Size-density trajectories for even-aged sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) and common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stands revealing similarities and differences in the mortality process  
Ningre, Ottorini, Le Goff in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 73

Stem cycle analyses help decipher the nonlinear response of trees to concurrent warming and drought  
Balducci et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 88

The relationship between climate and the intra-annual oxygen isotope patterns from pine trees: a case study along an elevation gradient on Corsica, France  
Szymczak et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 76

Xylogenesis of Pinus radiata D. Don growing in New Zealand  
Nanayakkara, Dickson, Meason in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:3, Article 74

AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY

Sensitivity of seedling growth to phosphorus supply in six tree species of the Australian Great Western Woodlands
Williams et al. in: Australian Journal of Botany (2019), 67:5, pp 390-396

CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH

Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) biomass production on a former coal mine site: positive effects of coppicing on rapid recovery of growth and yield
Mosseler, Major, McPhee in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:9, pp 1060-1068

Estimating volume growth from successive double sampling for stratification
Fischer, Saborowski in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:9, pp 1052-1059

Growth and survival of Siberian larch in Alberta at the species, population, and family levels
Benowicz, Krakowski, Rweyongeza in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:9, pp 1042-1051

Patterns between crown characteristics and radial increment in trees are similar during recovery and normal growth: a long-term example from old-growth forests
Podlaski in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:9, pp 1069-1077

FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

Assessing long-term effectiveness of green-tree retention  
Rosenvald et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 543-548

Assessment of multi-wavelength SAR and multispectral instrument data for forest aboveground biomass mapping using random forest kriging
Chen et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 447, pp 12-25

Deer browsing overwhelms extended leaf phenology benefits: A test case with Rubus allegheniensis and a recalcitrant hay-scented fern layer
Royo, Stanovick in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 294-299

Do forest edges reduce timber productivity – Implications for retention forestry techniques
Baker et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 208-217

Effectiveness and impacts of girdling treatments in a conifer-encroached Oregon white oak woodland
Kane, Engber, McClelland in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 447, pp 77-86

Evaluation of the FVS-CR diameter growth model in structurally-heterogeneous ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson) stands in the Southern Rockies, and potential modifications
Dickinson, Battaglia, Asherin in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 1-10

Forest ecological heterogeneity determines contrasting relationships between crown defoliation and tree diversity
Iacopetti et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 321-329

Growth dynamics and productivity of an Eucalyptus grandis plantation under omission of N, P, K Ca and Mg over two crop rotation
Rocha et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 447, pp 158-168

Invasive shrub cover and tree species composition influence exotic earthworms
Lloyd, Mahon, Crist in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 447, pp 53-59

Investigating the origin and genetic diversity of improved Eucalyptus grandis populations in Brazil
Miranda et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 130-138

Linking forest growth with stand structure: Tree size inequality, tree growth or resource partitioning and the asymmetry of competition
Forrester in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 447, pp 139-157

Seed origin drives differences in survival and growth traits of cork oak (Quercus suber L.) populations
Sampaio et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 267-277

Species-specific and elevation-differentiated responses of tree growth to rapid warming in a mixed forest lead to a continuous growth enhancement in semi-humid Northeast Asia
Cap et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 76-84

Sprinkling infiltration as an artificial groundwater recharge method – Long-term effects on boreal forest soil, tree growth and understory vegetation
Kaarakka et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 240-248

Stand-level growth and yield model system for clonal eucalypt plantations in Brazil that accounts for water availability
Scolforo et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 22-33

Tamm Review: Direct seeding to restore oak (Quercus spp.) forests and woodlands
Lof et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 474-489

Temperature-induced growing season drought threatens survival and height growth of white spruce in southern Ontario, Canada
Lu et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 355-363

Tree species dynamics in Swiss forests as affected by site, stand and management: A retrospective analysis
Nikolova et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 448, pp 278-293

Whole-tree harvest and residue recovery in commercial aspen: Implications to forest growth and soil productivity across a rotation
Premer, Froese, Vance in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 447, pp 130-138

FOREST PATHOLOGY

Growth of Phlebiopsis gigantea in wood of seven conifer species  
Zaluma et al. in: Forest Pathology (2019), 49:4, Article 12555

FORESTS

Aboveground Biomass Response to Release Treatments in a Young Ponderosa Pine Plantation
Ritchie, Zhang, Hammett in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 795

Figure 2
Post-fire regenerated plantations on public land at Blacks Mountain Experiment (left) and on private industry land (right), the latter formerly owned by Roseburg Forest Resources, now Sierra Pacific Industries. Both sides were planted with one-year-old ponderosa pine seedlings in 2005. The upper picture was taken at the photo point (*) prior to the precommercial thinning in 2009. The bottom 2014 image from Google Earth shows the post thinning plantation on industry land.


Bark Features for Identifying Resonance Spruce Standing Timber
Dinulica et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 799

Figure 2 Scheme of the sampling design and outlook of one of the sample sites.

Comparison of Natural Regeneration in Natural Grassland and Pine Plantations across an Elevational Gradient in the Paramo Ecosystem of Southern Ecuador
Dahik et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 745

Figure 1
Location map of the study area showing the sites that correspond to natural grassland and pine plantations in three different elevational ranges: N (Nero) and L (La Paz) from 3200 to 3400 m a.s.l., TC (Tutupali Chico) and TG (Tutupali Grande) from 3400 to 3600 m a.s.l. and Q (Quimsacocha) and S (Soldados) from 3600 to 3800 m a.s.l.


Differential Trends of Qinghai Spruce Growth with Elevation in Northwestern China during the Recent Warming Hiatus
Wang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 712

Figure 2
The (a) annual mean temperature; (b) total annual precipitation and (c) standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) at a 12-month scale over the period from 1960–2013.


Distinct Growth and Nutrient Status Responses to Fertilization Regimes in Two Generations of Chinese Fir Seedlings
Hu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 719

Figure 1
The height (a,b) and root collar diameter (c,d) in 2-generation and 3-generation Chinese fir seedlings under conventional and exponential fertilization regimes at three fertilization levels. RCD, root collar diameter; C50, C100, and C200 indicate conventional fertilization delivering a seasonal total of 50, 100, and 200 mg P per seedling at a constant rate; E50, E100, and 200 indicate exponential fertilization adding a seasonal total of 50, 100, and 200 mg P per seedling.


Drought Enhances the Role of Competition in Mediating the Relationship between Tree Growth and Climate in Semi-Arid Areas of Northwest China
Lu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 804

Figure 1
Trends in (a) precipitation and (b) intrinsic water-use efficiency (iWUE) (n = 9) from 1954 to 2014, and the (c) relative width index (RWI) (n = 82) and (d) basal area increment (BAI) (n = 82) from 1955 to 2015. Raw data of iWUE and tree-ring width in this study were derived from Lu et al. (2019).


Dynamics and Management of Rising Outbreak Spruce Budworm Populations
Regniere et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 748

Figure 1
Population growth patterns hypothesized for managed and unmanaged incipient populations of spruce budworm, according to two contrasting theories of cycle initiation. Under Theory 1, management aims at maintaining populations below the threshold density (open circle) below which growth rates are <1 and populations are kept in check by natural factors.


Ectomycorrhizal Community on Norway Spruce Seedlings Following Bark Beetle Infestation
Vesela et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 740

Figure 1
Map of the research area; Tatra Mountains National Park (TANAP), Slovakia (SK). Three types of forest; K1 = attacked by bark beetle, K2 = destroyed by bark beetle, REF = mature forest.


Effects of Phosphate-Solubilizing Bacteria and N-2-fixing Bacteria on Nutrient Uptake, Plant Growth, and Bioactive Compound Accumulation in Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinskaja
Wang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 772

Figure 1
HPLC (High-performance liquid chromatography) chromatogram of treatment MFCB (co-inoculation with four strains) and the chemical structures of the seven flavonoids monomers.


Effects of Two Trichoderma Strains on Plant Growth, Rhizosphere Soil Nutrients, and Fungal Community of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica Annual Seedlings
Halifu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 758

Figure 2
Effects of  Trichoderma inoculation on seedling root structure of CK, ZT05, E15. CK: inoculation with PD blank culture medium. ZT05: single inoculation with T. virens ZT05. E15: single inoculation with T. harzianum E15.


Environmental Controls of Diurnal and Seasonal Variations in the Stem Radius of Platycladus orientalis in Northern China
Dong et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 784

Figure 2
Daily climatic conditions at the study site from 1 September 2013 to 31 December 2014. (a) Mean daily air temperature (Ta); (b) mean daily soil temperature (Ts); (c) relative air humidity (RH); (d) vapor pressure deficit (VPD); (e) soil water content (SWC); and (f) Precipitation (P).


Estimation of DBH at Forest Stand Level Based on Multi-Parameters and Generalized Regression Neural Network
Zhou et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 778

Figure 2 Topological structure of the generalized regression neural network (GRNN)

Floral Structure and Breeding Systems of Manglietia conifera Dandy (Magnoliaceae)
Hao et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 756

Figure 2
Flower structure and male and female organs of M. conifera flower. Note: (A) Full bloom; (B) Inner configuration of the flower; (C) Double row of ovules in the carpel; (D,E) Boat-shaped pollen grain; (F) Porous texture of the pollen wall; (G–I) Different stigma types.


Growth and Yield Models for Balsa Wood Plantations in the Coastal Lowlands of Ecuador
Canadas-Lopez et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 733

Figure 1 Spatial distribution of the balsa sampling plots in the coastal lowland provinces in Ecuador.

Modeling Experiments for Evaluating the Effects of Trees, Increasing Temperature, and Soil Texture on Carbon Stocks in Agroforestry Systems in Kerala, India
Russell, Kumar in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 803

Figure 1 Simulated C stocks in four modeling experiments. (a) Experiment 1, regarding the effect of cropping system. The five treatments either received (+) or did not receive (0) organic matter (OM) additions and irrigation. (b) Experiment 2, regarding the effect of tree species. Lignin content in modeled tree species (A–E) increased from 0.25 to 0.45 in woody tissues, 0.05 to 0.25 in leaves, and 0.18 to 0.36 in fine roots. See Table S3 for tissue lignin fractions (variables WDLIG (1–5)). (c) Experiment 3, regarding the effect of increases in air temperature above the mean annual temperature (MAT). (d) Experiment 4, regarding the effect of soil type. Soil C values were for a 0–50 cm depth.

Monthly Radial Growth Model of Chinese Fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.), and the Relationships between Radial Increment and Climate Factors
Huang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 757

Figure 2 Manual band dendrometer (MBD) installed at breast diameter of Chinese fir.

Morphology, Growth and Architecture Response of Beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) and Maple Tree (Acer velutinum Boiss.) Seedlings to Soil Compaction Stress Caused by Mechanized Logging Operations
Picchio et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 771

Figure 1 Sample plots on control (A) and skid trail (B), and bulk density and penetration resistance on plot, LWT: Left wheel track, RWT: Right wheel track, LSR: Log skidded route.

Nutrient Allocation to Different Compartments of Age-Sequence Larch Plantations in China
Wang, Chen, Sun in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 759

Figure 1
Soil chemical properties in four ages larch plantations. Different lower-case letters indicate significant differences in the same soil depth among different-aged plantations (p < 0.05). Different upper-case letters indicate significant differences in the same stand age among different soil depths (p < 0.05). No letters indicates lack of significant differences. Error bars indicate standard deviation.


Regional and Local Moisture Gradients Drive the Resistance to and Recovery from Drought of Picea crassifolia Kom. in the Qilian Mountains, Northwest China
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 817

Figure 2 The relationships between the annual de Martonne aridity index and total annual precipitation (a) and mean annual temperature (b) for the sites below 3000 m a.s.l.

Response Characteristics of Chinese Pine (Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.) Radial Growth to Climate and Drought Variability Reconstruction in Western Liaoning, Northeast China
Liu, Bao, Bao in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 752

Figure 2 Distribution of monthly mean temperature (circles), precipitation (black bars) and relative humidity (crosshatched bars) from Fuxin meteorological station data during the period of 1950–2012.

Spatial Pattern of Climate Change Effects on Lithuanian Forestry
Mozgeris et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 809

Graphical abstract

The Effect of Tree Crown Allometry on Community Dynamics in Mixed-Species Stands versus Monocultures. A Review and Perspectives for Modeling and Silvicultural Regulation
Pretzsch in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 810

Figure 1 Dendrometrical tree characteristics. (a) Tree height, h, crown length, cl, height to crown base, hcb, crown diameter, cd, tree diameter at breast height, d1.3, and stem volume vs. variable cpa represents the crown projection area. (b) Crown volume, cv, crown surface area, cs, diameter of the stem, ds = d1.3, and diameter of the three tallest roots, dr1 … dr3. (c) Tree stand area equivalent to growing area, sa, and crown projection area, cpa. Particularly in densely packed stands, cpa is often larger than sa.

The Influences of Disturbance Histories and Soil Properties on Aboveground Biomass through Plant Functional Traits in a Tropical Rainforest
Bu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 774

Figure 2
The hypothesized structural equation model. DI indicates disturbance intensity. SPP and SCP indicate soil physical property and soil chemical property, respectively. LES and WES indicate leaf economics spectrum and wood economics spectrum at community level. AGB indicates aboveground biomass. One-headed arrows represent causal relationships, and double-headed arrows represent free correlations. Residual error variables (ei) represent effects of unexplained causes.


The Persistence of Container Nursery Treatments on the Field Performance and Root System Morphology of Longleaf Pine Seedlings
Sung et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 807

Figure 1
Longleaf pine seedling total height in response to nursery treatments from one to eight years after outplanting. (a) Cavity volume; (b) nitrogen rate: low (LN), medium (MN), and high (HN); and (c) copper (Cu) root pruning. Within a treatment and year, the same letter indicates no significant differences at the Bonferroni-adjusted 0.05 level. Error bars represent 1 SE.


Weak Apical Control of Swiss Stone Pine (Pinus cembra L.) May Serve as a Protection against Environmental Stress above Treeline in the Central European Alps
Oberhuber et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:9, Article 744

Figure 1 Pinus cembra
 sapling with upward-bending lateral branches (left) and P. cembra
 showing strong needle damage on the wind-exposed side caused by ice particle abrasion and winter desiccation, while sheltered leeward side remained largely undamaged (right).

FRONTIERS IN FORESTS AND GLOBAL CHANGE

Salt Stress Reduced the Seedling Growth of Two Larch Species Under Elevated Ozone
Sugai et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2019), 2, Article 53

GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY

ENSO and NAO affect long-term leaf litter dynamics and stoichiometry of Scots pine and European beech mixedwoods
de Andres et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:9, pp 3070-3090

Linking drought legacy effects across scales: From leaves to tree rings to ecosystems
Kannenberg et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:9, pp 2978-2992

The climatic drivers of primary Picea forest growth along the Carpathian arc are changing under rising temperatures
Schurman et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:9, pp 3136-3150

JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE

Post-fire vegetation recovery at forest sites is affected by permafrost degradation in the Da Xing’an Mountains of northern China  
Shi et al. in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2019), 30:5, pp 940-949

NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE

Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass  
Terrer et al. in: Nature Climate Change (2019), 9:9, pp 684–689

NEW FORESTS

Clues to wood quality and production from analyzing ring width and density variabilities of fertilized Pinus taeda trees  
Rodriguez, Tomazello in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 821-843

Growth performance and leaf ecophysiological traits in three Aquilaria species in Malaysia
Kenzo et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 699-715

Individual tree and stand-level carbon and nutrient contents across one rotation of loblolly pine plantations on a reclaimed surface mine
Angel et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 733-753

Maximising growth and sawlog production from Acacia hybrid plantations in Vietnam
Hung et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 785-804

Native leguminous plants for mineland revegetation in the eastern Amazon: seed characteristics and germination
Ramos et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 859-872

Re-examining breeding zones of white spruce in northwestern Ontario, Canada
Weng, Charrette, Lu in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 845-858

Responses of coppiced Eucalyptus to macro- and micronutrient application
Rocha et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 717-731

Seedling growth and nutrition responses of two subtropical tree species to NH4+-N and NO3–N deposition
Zhang et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 755-769

Trembling aspen root suckering and stump sprouting response to above ground disturbance on a reclaimed boreal oil sands site in Alberta, Canada
Jean, Pinno, Nielsen in: New Forests (2019), 50:5, pp 771-784

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (PNAS)

SOBIR1/EVR prevents precocious initiation of fiber differentiation during wood development through a mechanism involving BP and ERECTA
Milhinhos et al. in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2019), 116:37, pp 18710-18716

TREE PHYSIOLOGY

Growth resilience and oxidative burst control as tolerance factors to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi in Ulmus minor 
Martin et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:9, pp 1512-1524

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