Resilience, Survival and Mortality of Forests


Implications of an exceptional autumn bud flush on subsequent cold tolerance of Garry oak (Quercus garryana)
Lerstrup-Pedersen et al. in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:8, pp 942-948

Landscape- and site-level responses of woody structure and ground flora to repeated prescribed fire in the Missouri Ozarks
Maginel et al. in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:8, pp 1004-1014

Spatial variation in oak (Quercus spp.) radial growth responses to drought stress in eastern North America
LeBlanc, Berland in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:8, pp 986-993


Above- and belowground growth response of Picea abies seedlings exposed to varying levels of soil relative bulk density
Labelle, Kammermeier in: European Journal of Forest Research (2019), 138:4, pp 705-722


Characterizing light across a strip shelterwood in a mixed conifer forest  
Hossain, Comeau in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 445, pp 134-145

Climate-mediated regeneration occurrence in Mediterranean pine forests: A modeling approach  
Vergarechea et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 10-19

Conditions for translocation of a key threatened species, Dianthus inoxianus Gallego, in the southwestern Iberian Mediterranean forest
Lopez-Jurado et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 1-9

Coordination of leaf, stem and root traits in determining seedling mortality in a subtropical forest
Shen et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 285-292

Effects of initial plant density, interspecific competition, tending and age on the survival and quality of oak (Quercus robur L.) in young mixed stands in European Russia
Wallraf, Wagner in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 272-284

Evaluating maximum stand density and size-density relationships based on the Competition Density Rule in Korean pines and Japanese larch
Lee, Choi in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 204-213

Genetic increases in growth do not lead to trade-offs with ecologically important litter and fine root traits in Norway spruce 
Senior et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 54-62

Height development milestones for canopy recruitment after overstory removal in the Missouri Ozarks  
Vickers et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 445, pp 122-133

Historical and current fire regimes in ponderosa pine forests at Zion National Park, Utah: Restoration of pattern and process after a century of fire exclusion  
Brown, Gentry, Yao in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 445, pp 1-12

Insect herbivory and avian insectivory in novel native oak forests: Divergent effects of stand size and connectivity
Valdes-Correcher et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 445, pp 146-153

Interactions between southern Ips bark beetle outbreaks, prescribed fire, and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) mortality
McNichol et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 164-174

Long-term effects of environmental change and species diversity on tree radial growth in a mixed European forest
Bosela et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 293-303

Pre-disturbance tree size, sprouting vigour and competition drive the survival and growth of resprouting trees
Matula et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 71-79

Recovery of temperate and boreal forests after windthrow and the impacts of salvage logging. A quantitative review
Taeroe et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 446, pp 304-316

Regeneration niches in Nothofagus-dominated old-growth forests after partial disturbance: Insights to overcome arrested succession
Soto et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 445, pp 26-36

Susceptibility of Eurasian Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris L., to the aggressive North American mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins
Rosenberger, Venette, Aukema in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 445, pp 20-25


Efficacy of local eradication treatments against the sudden oak death epidemic in Oregon tanoak forests
Hansen et al. in: Forest Pathology (2019), 49:4, Article 12530

Host range of Erwinia psidii and genetic resistance of Eucalyptus and Corymbia species to this pathogen  
Caires et al. in: Forest Pathology (2019), 49:4, Article 12527

Spatiotemporal analysis of pine wilt disease: Relationship between pinewood nematode distribution and defence response in Pinus thunbergii seedlings  
Yamaguchi et al. in: Forest Pathology (2019), 49:4, Article 12518


Forest and wildlife resource-conservation efforts based on indigenous knowledge: The case of Nharira community in Chikomba district, Zimbabwe 
Mavhura, Mushure in: Forest Policy and Economics (2019), 105, pp 83-90


Genetic Variation in Acoustic Time of Flight and Drill Resistance of Juvenile Wood in a Large Loblolly Pine Breeding Population  
Walker, Isik, McKeand in: Forest Science (2019), 65:4, pp 469-482

Lowering Stand Density Enhances Resiliency of Ponderosa Pine Forests to Disturbances and Climate Change  
Zhang et al. in: Forest Science (2019), 65:4, pp 496-507


Analyzing Spatial Distribution Patterns of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Regeneration in Dependence of Canopy Openings
Stiers et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 637

Figure 2 Illustration of the three different approaches used in this study. (a) Data analysis to calculate polygon sizes, maximum extents and center positions based on manually delineated polygons. (b) Computing 10 cm point cloud grids to identify the maximum height within the regeneration patches. (c) Top-down analysis based on raster data of 10 cm2 resolution to analyze the top-down dependency.

At a Microsite Scale, Native Vegetation Determines Spatial Patterns and Survival of Pinus contorta Invasion in Patagonia
Langdon, Cavieres, Pauchard in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 654

Figure 5 The five ground cover types considered in the study: (a) tussock grasses, (b) Acaena integerrima, (c) Oreopolus glacialis, (d) bare ground, and (e) Bacharis magellanica. Pinus contorta can establish itself in any of these substrates.

Cloning, Characterization and Expression of the Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase Gene (PaPAL) from Spruce Picea asperata
Liu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 613

Figure 1
The PCR amplification product of the PaPAL gene. M: DNA molecular weight standards; 1: The PCR product of full-length cDNA.

Drought-Induced Mortality Is Related to Hydraulic Vulnerability Segmentation of Tree Species in a Savanna Ecosystem
Zhang, Wen, Yang in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 697

Figure 1 Hydraulic traits and mortality rate in six tree species. The abbreviation of functional traits is in Table 1. (a) P50stem; (b) P50leaf; (c) P50leaf-stem; (d) MR. The hollow and solid bars indicated the NS species and VS species, respectively. The codes of species: Bauhinia brachycarpa (Bb), Woodfordia fruticosa (Wf), Campylotropis delavayi (Cd), Polyalthia cerasoides (Pc), Lannea coromandelica (Lc), Diospyros yunnanensis (Dy).

Dynamics of Abies nephrolepis Seedlings in Relation to Environmental Factors in Seorak Mountain, South Korea
Kim, Lim, Yun in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 702

Figure 1
Climate diagram in Seorak Mountain for the recent eight years. Note: (a) Station name; (b) height above sea level (m); (c) mean annual temperature (°C); (d) mean annual amount of precipitation (mm); (e) absolute maximum temperature (°C); (f) mean daily maximum of the hottest month (°C); (g) number of years of observation; (h) average monthly precipitation exceeding 100 mm (black area); (i) monthly means of precipitation (mm); (j) monthly means of temperature (°C); (k) humid period (lined); (l) mean daily minimum temperature of the coldest month (°C); (m) absolute minimum temperature (°C); (n) months with a mean daily minimum temperature below 0 °C; and (o) months with an absolute minimum temperature below 0 °C.

Expression Analysis of the NAC Transcription Factor Family of Populus in Response to Salt Stress
Wang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 688

Figure 1
Multiple alignment and phylogenetic analysis of Populus NAC proteins. The full-length amino acid sequences of 289 Populus NAC proteins were aligned using Clustal X 1.83 and the phylogenetic tree was constructed using MEGA (Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis) 7.0.21 with the NJ (Neighbor-Joining) method. Each subfamily is indicated in a specific colour.

Forest Decline Triggered by Phloem Parasitism-Related Biotic Factors in Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis)
Morcillo et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 608

Figure 1
Annual precipitation (in continuous grey line) and average temperature (in continuous black line) for the 10 years previous to the experiment. Dashed lines show the tendency through time for both parameters.

Ground-Dwelling Arthropod Community Responses to Recent and Repeated Wildfires in Conifer Forests of Northern New Mexico, USA
Ferrenberg, Wickey, Coop in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 667

Figure 2
Canonical plots illustrating quadratic discriminant analyses (QDA) of multivariate measures of habitat/environment of sampling locations in the Cerro Grande (red ellipses), Dome (blue ellipses), and the Cerro Grande + Las Conchas fires (green ellipses) and Dome + Las Conchas fires (orange ellipses). QDA successfully categorized 84% of samples into the correct fire group. The multivariate means of each group are denoted by plus signs (+), smaller ellipses around each mean illustrate the canonical space containing 50% of the group observations, and larger ellipses illustrate 95% confidence levels. The labeled rays, scaled to 200% of their actual length, show the directions in the canonical space of the seven covariates retained in the best-fit QDA model.

How Do Tilia cordata Greenspire Trees Cope with Drought Stress Regarding Their Biomass Allocation and Ecosystem Services?
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 676

Figure 1 Schematic structure of the drought experiment. The rooting zones of trees on the right were covered by rainfall exclusion constructions (‘dry-treatment’), whereas trees on the left were exposed to normal weather conditions (’control’).

Hypocrealean Fungi Associated with Hylobius abietis in Slovakia, Their Virulence against Weevil Adults and Effect on Feeding Damage in Laboratory
Barta et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 634

Figure 4 Mean daily damaged area (mm2) of bark on twigs by Hylobius abietis adults after their inoculation with different conidia suspensions of Beauveria bassiana strain AMEP20. Values above bars represent numbers of surviving H. abietis adults on specific days post-treatment.

Identification of RING-H2 Gene Candidates Related to Wood Formation in Poplar
Tong et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 698

Figure 6 Histochemical GUS assays in various tissues of PtrRHH94pro::GUS transgenic P. trichocarpa. (a, b) two-week-old transgenic plantlets on woody plant media (WPM) and its young leaf. (c, d) stem internodes (INs) two and five of one-month-old transgenic plantlets on WPM media. (e, f, j, l) apical bud, mature leaf, stem IN6 and root of three-month-old transgenic young trees in the greenhouse. (g–i, k) cross-sections of main vein and petiole of the eighth leaf, stem IN6 and root from three-month-old transgenic young trees. CO, collenchymas; VPh, vein of phloem; Ph, phloem; CZ, cambial zone; SX, secondary xylem.

Local Adaptation and Response of Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco Populations to Climate Change
Hu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 622

Figure 2 The linear relationship between the site-mean tree height (HT) and ages for test sites with observations at age 7 (a) and test sites without observations at age 7 (b).

Multi-Scale Evaluation of the Effect of Phenol Formaldehyde Resin Impregnation on the Dimensional Stability and Mechanical Properties of Pinus Massoniana Lamb.
Wang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 646

Figure 1 Microscope images showing the positioning of indents: (a) and (c) optical micrograph of the transverse section of wood samples; (b) and (d) scanning probe microscopy (SPM) images of wood cell walls after nanoindentation (NI).

Norway Spruce (Picea abies L.) Provenances Use Different Physiological Strategies to Cope with Water Deficit
Jamnicka et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 651

Figure 4
Principal component analyses for (a) early-drought conditions, (b) drought, and (c) the recovery period. The ellipses represent 95% confidence intervals around the centroid (bigger symbol) of each data cluster. The percentage on the axes indicates the proportion of the variance that is explained by the given principal component.

Space, Habitat and Isolation are the Key Determinants of Tree Colonization by the Carpenter Ant in Plantation Forests
Vele, Horak in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 630

Figure 2
Snapped Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) tree (a). Structure of wood affected by the carpenter ant (Camponotus ligniperdus) in the snapped stem of the Norway spruce (b). Worker of the carpenter ant with its prey, observed in the late spring (c). Cut snag of the Norway spruce infested with a large nest of carpenter ant (d) in the East Bohemian woodlands, Czech Republic.

Sudden Aspen Decline: A Review of Pattern and Process in a Changing Climate
Singer et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 671

Figure 1 Possible successional trajectories of aspen stands in the Rocky Mountains. Aspen develops as even-aged stands following a large-scale initiating disturbance. Following stem exclusion understory re-initiation will produce suppressed suckers and an herbaceous ground story [26]. In fertile sites where aspen can self-perpetuate, or in the presence of some intense disturbance, such as fire, stands return to initiation. In the absence of fire, conifer encroachment can convert the stand, either permanently (self-perpetuating conifer stand in the bottom right corner—usually facilitated by conditions suited to SAD), or temporarily, returning to seral aspen following another stand-replacing fire. Conifer species can vary across the range of aspen, including lodgepole and juniper in drier sites, and spruce and fir at higher elevations.

Survival of Whitebark Pine Seedlings Grown from Direct Seeding: Implications for Regeneration and Restoration under Climate Change
Pansing, Tomback in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 677

Figure 2 Median annual daily minimum, average, and maximum temperatures throughout the study period. Panels show temperatures aggregated annually, over each year’s growing season, and over each year’s non-growing season. We defined the growing season as the time period between five consecutive days of mean daily air temperature above 5 °C and five consecutive days of mean daily air temperature below 5°C.

Survival, Height Growth, and Phytoextraction Potential of Hybrid Poplar and Russian Olive (Elaeagnus Angustifolia L.) Established on Soils Varying in Salinity in North Dakota, USA
Zalesny, Stange, Birr in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 672

Figure 1
(A) Landscape of the Northern Great Plains in North Dakota, USA, with the study plot and trees planted into tree shelters in the center of the photo. (B) Surface salt crust of the soils at the study plot; note trees planted into tree shelters in the background. (C) Black weed barrier fabric protecting each tree from competition. (D) FieldScout Direct Soil EC (electrical conductivity) Meter with 61-cm T-handle probe used to measure soil salinity levels (Spectrum Technologies, Inc., Plainfield, Illinois, USA). (E) Trees growing at the study plot. (F) Poplar clone ‘DN5’ (Populus deltoides × P. nigra) growing out of its 1.5-m tree shelter. All photos were taken by Ron Zalesny (USDA Forest Service) at 77 days after planting.

Transcriptomic Responses of Dove Tree (Davidia involucrata Baill.) to Heat Stress at the Seedling Stage
Liu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:8, Article 656

Figure 1 Gene Ontology (GO) classification of D. involucrata unigenes.


A Dynamic Optimality Principle for Water Use Strategies Explains Isohydric to Anisohydric Plant Responses to Drought
Mrad et al. in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2019), 2, Article 49

Fire in the Swamp Forest: Palaeoecological Insights Into Natural and Human-Induced Burning in Intact Tropical Peatlands
Cole, Bhagwat, Willis in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2019), 2, Article 48


Foliar water uptake in Amazonian trees: Evidence and consequences
Binks et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:8, pp 2678-2690

Regime shifts of Mediterranean forest carbon uptake and reduced resilience driven by multidecadal ocean surface temperatures
Carnicer et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:8, pp 2825-2840

Taxonomy, together with ontogeny and growing conditions, drives needleleaf species’ sensitivity to climate in boreal North America
Marchand et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:8, pp 2793-2809


Biomass losses resulting from insect and disease invasions in US forests
Fei et al. in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2019), 116:35, pp 17371-17376


De novo transcriptome analysis of Fraxinus velutina Torr in response to NaCl stress 
Yan et al. in: Tree Genetics & Genomes (2019), 15:4 , Article 56


Beyond the extreme: recovery of carbon and water relations in woody plants following heat and drought stress  
Ruehr et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:8, pp 1285-1299

Drought-induced mortality in Scots pine: opening the metabolic black box  
MacAllister et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:8, pp 1358-1370

PeSHN1 regulates water-use efficiency and drought tolerance by modulating wax biosynthesis in poplar  
Meng et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:8, pp 1371-1386

Plant water content integrates hydraulics and carbon depletion to predict drought-induced seedling mortality  
Sapes et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:8, pp 1300-1312

Prediction of temperate broadleaf tree species mortality in arid limestone habitats with stomatal safety margins  
Chen et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:8, pp 1428-1437

Sodium interception by xylem parenchyma and chloride recirculation in phloem may augment exclusion in the salt tolerant Pistacia genus: context for salinity studies on tree crops  
Godfrey et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:8, pp 1484-1498


Anatomy and transcriptome analysis in leaves revealed how nitrogen (N) availability influence drought acclimation of Populus
Lu et al. in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1003-1014

Differences in drought resistance in nine North American hybrid poplars
Arshad et al. in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1111-1128

Divergent growth responses to warming and drying climates between native and non-native tree species in Northeast China
Song et al. in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1143-1155

Endophytic fungus Beauveria bassiana can enhance drought tolerance in red oak seedlings
Ferus, Barta, Konopkova in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1179-1186

Identification and characterization of dwarf mistletoe responding genes in Ziarat juniper tree (Juniperus excelsa M.Bieb) through suppression subtractive hybridization and deep sequencing
Wahid, Barozai, Din in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1027-1039

Juvenile and adult leaves of heteroblastic Eucalyptus globulus vary in xylem vulnerability
Lucani et al. in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1167-1178

Recruitment and facilitation in Pinus hartwegii, a Mexican alpine treeline ecotone, with potential responses to climate warming
Astudillo-Sanchez et al. in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1087-1100

Relationship between root distribution characteristics of Mongolian pine and the soil water content and groundwater table in Horqin Sandy Land, China
Musa et al. in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1203-1211

Responses of the radial growth of the endangered species Keteleeria fortunei to climate change in southeastern China
Zhao et al. in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 977-985

Tolerance of novel inter-specific shrub willow hybrids to water stress
Fabio, Leary, Smart in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1015-1026

Variations in seasonal drought tolerance rankings
Banks, Percival, Rose in: Trees – Structure and Function (2019), 33:4, pp 1063-1072

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