Growth of Forests


Harvest interval and row spacing of SRC willow influence yield and nutrient content
Larsen, Jorgensen, Laerke in: Biomass & Bioenergy (2019), 126, pp 181-189


Soil disturbance and juvenile Douglas-fir growth following stump removal on moderately coarse textured soils in southwestern British Columbia: 10-year results
Zeglen, Courtin in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:7, pp 767-774


Analysing the growth dynamics of mixed stands composed of balsam fir and broadleaved species of various shade tolerances  
Pothier in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 21-29

Bryophyte abundance, composition and importance to woody plant recruitment in natural and restoration forests 
Rehm et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 405-413

Competition and climate influence growth of black spruce in western boreal forests  
Oboite, Comeau in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 443, pp 84-94

Driving factors of the growth response of Fagus sylvatica L. to disturbances: A comprehensive study from Central-European old-growth forests  
Vasickova et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 96-106

Global patterns of tree stem growth and stand aboveground wood production in mangrove forests
Xiong et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 382-392

Group-selection silviculture conditionally enhances recruitment of yellow birch in a shade-tolerant hardwood forest
Shabaga, Jones, Elliott in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 244-255

Native-source climate determines the Douglas-fir potential of adaptation to drought
Chauvin et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 9-20

Optimizing stand structure for tradeoffs between overstory and understory vegetation biomass in a larch plantation of Liupan Mountains, Northwest China
Ahmad et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 443, pp 43-50

Quantifying tree and volume mortality in Italian forests
Bertini et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 42-49

Response of height growth of regenerating trees in a Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. plantation to different thinning intensities
Wang et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 280-289

Risk of damage by the pine weevil Hylobius abietis in southern Europe: Effects of silvicultural and landscape factors
Lopez-Villamor et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 290-298

Sale of wild edible fungi – Key influence on the relationship between household livelihood and non-timber forest products utilisation: A case study in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area
Zhu et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 1-8

The role of fire frequency and severity on the regeneration of Mediterranean serotinous pines under different environmental conditions
Fernandez-Garcia et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 59-68

Variation in climate-growth relationships for Douglas-fir growth across spatial and temporal scales on southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia
Griesbauer et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 444, pp 30-41


Economic impact of growth effects in mixed stands of Norway spruce and European beech – A simulation based study
Friedrich et al. in: Forest Policy and Economics (2019), 104, pp 65-80


The effect of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on the uncertainty of large-area forest growth forecasts
Melo, Schneider, Fortin in: Forestry (2019), 92:3, pp 231-241

The effect of stumpage prices on large-area forest growth forecasts based on socio-ecological models
Fortin et al. in: Forestry (2019), 92:3, pp 339-356

Using LiDAR-modified topographic wetness index, terrain attributes with leaf area index to improve a single-tree growth model in south-eastern Finland
Mohamedou et al. in: Forestry (2019), 92:3, pp 253-263


A Method for the Development of Dynamic Site Index Models Using Height-Age Data from Temporal Sample Plots
Socha, Tyminska-Czabanska in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 542

Figure 2
Top heights of individual temporal sample plots and 19 artificial growth trajectories obtained by joined percentiles (5, 10, …, 95) of heights in particular years.

Allelopathic Effects of Cinnamomum migao on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of its Associated Species Liquidambar formosana
Wang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 535

Figure 1
Germination rate (a) and potential (b) of L. formosana seeds following treatment with different concentrations of C. migao pericarp, leaf, and rhizosphere soil aqueous extracts. Lowercase letters represent significant differences in each treatment group (p < 0.05).

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Effectively Enhances the Growth of Gleditsia sinensis Lam. Seedlings under Greenhouse Conditions
Wang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 567

Graphical abstract

Comparing Primary and Secondary Growth of Co-Occurring Deciduous and Evergreen Conifers in an Alpine Habitat
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 574

Figure 3 Illustrations of some stages of primary growth in Larix principis-rupprechtii (A–F) and Picea meyeri (G–J). A: unexpanded bud (18 April); B: bud burst (5 May); C: needles unfolding (16 May); D and E: leaf senescence (18 September and 25 September, respectively); F: defoliation (2 October) for larch; G: bud burst (25 May); H: new shoot elongation (18 April); I: needles unfolding (2 June); J: new shoot growth (21 June) for spruce.

Contrasting Response to Drought and Climate of Planted and Natural Pinus pinaster Aiton Forests in Southern Spain
Rodriguez-Vallejo, Navarro-Cerrillo in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 603

Figure 1
(a) Distribution of Pinus pinaster Ait. and (b) sampled sites (red dots) distributed in four different locations in Andalusia (southern Spain). Climatic diagrams (c) and trends (d) in the mean temperature (lines) and precipitation (bars) of the study sites (see Table 1 for the site codes), for the period 1950–2017, based on 0.25° gridded monthly data from ENSEMBLES Observations gridded dataset (E-OBS) [32].

Deepening Rooting Depths Improve Plant Water and Carbon Status of a Xeric Tree during Summer Drought
Zheng et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 592

Figure 2
The relationship between rooting depth and basal stem diameter. Data were repotted from previous study by Xu et al. (2016). A sigmoildal model was used to fit the data.

Development of a Tree Growth Difference Equation and Its Application in Forecasting the Biomass Carbon Stocks of Chinese Forests in 2050
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 582

Figure 2
Fitting curve of the DBH between the predicted and actual values. The names of the tree species are as follows: (a): Pinus massoniana Lamb.; (b): Abies fabri (Mast.) Craib; (c): Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco; (d): Cunninghamia lanceolata; (e): Larix gmelinii (Ruprecht) Kuzeneva; (f): Larix principis-rupprechtii; (g): Picea asperata Mast; (h): Quercus spp.; (i): Pinus tabuliformis Carrière; (j): Betula platyphylla Suk.; (k): Populus L.; (l): Picea likiangensis; (m): Pinus yunnanensis; and (n): Abies georgei Orr.

Divergent Last Century Tree Growth along An Altitudinal Gradient in A Pinus sylvestris L. Dry-edge Population
Fernandez-Perez et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 532

Figure 1
Distribution of Pinus sylvestris in Europe and Spain (right) and location of the forest Pinar de Navafría in the Central System range (left).

Early Tree Growth in Reclaimed Mine Soils in Appalachia USA
Dallaire, Skousen in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 549

Figure 1
Height of red oak during the first 11 years of growing in pre-mine native soils (P-BR/CY) and in brown (BR-B and CY-B) and gray mine soils (BR-G and CY-G) at two reclaimed mine sites.

Effects of Five Growing Media and Two Fertilizer Levels on Polybag-Raised Camden Whitegum (Eucalyptus benthamii Maiden & Cambage) Seedling Morphology and Drought Hardiness
Shalizi et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 543

Figure 1 Simulated outplanting—30-day height (a) and RCD (b) growth of seedlings in media × fertilizer treatment combinations before induced drought test.

Evaluation of O-3 Effects on Cumulative Photosynthetic CO2 Uptake in Seedlings of Four Japanese Deciduous Broad-Leaved Forest Tree Species Based on Stomatal O-3 Uptake
Yamaguchi et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 556

Figure 1
Relationships between the whole-plant-level ΣPn_est and whole-plant dry mass (WDM) increment over the two growing seasons. Solid lines indicate the regression line for each species. ○: F. crenata (y = 0.569x + 70.5, R2 = 0.984, p < 0.01), □: Q. serrata (y = 0.378x + 222, R2 = 0.890, not significant), ◇: Q. mongolica var. crispula (y = 0.401x + 147, R2 = 0.975, p < 0.05), △: B. platyphylla var. japonica (y = 0.235x + 205, R2 = 0.868, not significant).

Exploring Nonlinear Intra-Annual Growth Dynamics in Fagus sylvatica L. Trees at the Italian ICP-Forests Level II Network
Ferrara et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 584

Figure 1
Spatial distribution of beech ICP-Forests plots in Italy and Walter &Liethclimatic diagrams for each study site. Climatology was elaborated as the average value of the last available normal climatic period (1981–2010). Average annual temperature (TAVE) and total annual precipitation (PRC) are written at the top of each diagram.

Growth and Tree Water Deficit of Mixed Norway Spruce and European Beech at Different Heights in a Tree and under Heavy Drought
Schafer et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 577

Figure 1
Exemplary illustration of the course of the stem basal area variation and the two applied indices, zero growth (ZG) and tree water deficit (TWD), for a period of 16 days in the growing season 2015 of an example spruce tree. The climatic graph of vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and daily precipitation sum (Prcp) illustrated how the deficit of water led to a stagnation of the zero growth and a decrease in the tree water deficit during the last five days of the example period.

Investigating Relationships between Nutrient Concentrations, Stem Sinuosity, and Tree Improvement in Douglas-Fir Stands in Western Washington
Dwivedi et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 541

Figure 1
Tree heights, measured in 2017, across different sites and genetic gain levels.

Linking Dendrometry and Dendrochronology in the Dominant Azorean Tree Laurus azorica (Seub.) Franco
Matos et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 538

Figure 2 Macroscopic view of L. azorica(Seub.) Francostem disc (a) and of increment cores (b,c,d) taken in São Miguel Island. (a) Pith, distinct tree rings with latewood (lw) and earlywood (ew), and bark. (b) Example of some of the anomalies found in increment cores. (c) Younger tree rings close to cambium, phloem (lighter, ph), ray dispersion (darker, rd) and cork (ck). (d) Tree rings with distinct ring boundaries, and different coloration of early (ew) and latewood (lw), with vessels equally distributed along the ring. Scale bar 1 mm.

Most Southern Scots Pine Populations Are Locally Adapted to Drought for Tree Height Growth
Vizcaino-Palomar et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 555

Figure 1
Predicted tree height growth (cm), based on the best supported linear mixed-effect model across the gradients of spring precipitation of the planting sites, PREC.spr_s, and of the summer heat moisture index of the populations’ origin, SHM_p.

Phenotypic Correlations among Growth and Selected Wood Properties in White Spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss)
Mvolo et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 589

Figure 1 Intra-ring and inter-ring radial variations of growth-related, density-related, and anatomical wood properties: (a) Ring width (RW), earlywood width (EWW), and latewood width (LWW). (b) Ring density (RD), earlywood density (EWD), and latewood density (LWD). (c) Average ring tracheid length (TL), earlywood tracheid length (ETL), and latewood tracheid length (LTL). (d) Average ring tracheid diameter (TD), earlywood tracheid diameter (ETD), and latewood tracheid diameter (LTD). Bars indicate standard errors of the mean.

Production and Regression Models for Biomass and Carbon Captured in Gmelina arborea Roxb. Trees in Short Rotation Coppice Plantations in Costa Rica
Tenorio et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 593

Figure 1 Height (a) and diameter (b) in short rotation energy plantations of Gmelina arborea in two different locations in Costa Rica.

Reforesting Appalachian Surface Mines from Seed: A Five-Year Black Walnut Pilot Study
Hall et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 573

Figure 1 Plot layout of the research site. Each treatment combination had three replicate plots, and each plot contained 50 seedlings or seeds.

Removing the Scaling Error Caused by Allometric Modelling in Forest Biomass Estimation at Large Scales
Zhou, Zhou in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 602

Figure 1
The percentage of scaling error compensated for Pinus yunnanensis Franch. η is the error compensation percentage given by Equation (7), in which this example uses parameters r = 2.7468, k = 0.7623 and, u = 0.000536. μ is the weighted mean of xi (stand stocking volume), and is also the mean regional volume. It is assumed to range from xmin (10 m3 ha−1) to xmax (250 m3 ha−1). σ2 is the variance of xi.

Response of Oak and Maple Seed Germination and Seedling Growth to Different Manganese Fertilizers in a Cultured Substratum
Mai, Williams in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 547

Figure 1
Percent changes based on the mean overall seedling size (basal diameter squared × total height) compared to the control for each treatment by species. The treatments are: HS = Hoagland solution; TMn = manganese (MnCl2·4H2O) + Hoagland solution; NMn = nanoparticle manganese (Mn(OH)2) + Hoagland solution; and SMn = suspension manganese (Mn(OH)2) + Hoagland solution.

Sand Dune Height Increases Water Use Efficiency at the Expense of Growth and Leaf Area in Mongolian Pine Growing in Hulunbeier Steppe, Inner Mongolia, China
Kim et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 558

Figure 2
Moisture contents at different soil depths according to changes in sand dune height, from July to September 2018. Values with different capital letters indicate significant differences among four soil depths in each measurement point (Dunnett’s T3 test, p ≤ 0.05). Values with different small letters denote significant differences among five measurement points in each soil depth (Dunnett’s T3 test, p ≤ 0.05). Soil moisture data at 50 cm in P1 was not available from July to September 2018, so data from 2017 was used for the same period.

Tests of Hexazinone and Tebuthiuron for Control of Exotic Plants in Kauai, Hawaii
Wang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 576

Figure 2
Defoliation of the forest plants by hexazinone and tebuthiuron at Kalalau Rim Site, 12 MAT. The plant species were aalii (Dodonaea viscosa) (native), amau (Sadleria sp.) (native), naupaka (Scaevola cerasifolia) (native), ohia lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha) (native), hona (Urera glabra) (native), pilo (Hedyotis mannii) (native), faya tree (Myrica faya) (non-native), and strawberry guava (Psidium cattleyanum) (non-native). C (control, no hexazinone and tebuthiuron), H1 (hexazinone 1 kg ha−1), H2 (hexazinone 2 kg ha−1), H4 (hexazinone 4 kg ha−1), T1 (tebuthiuron 1 kg ha−1), T2 (tebuthiuron 2 kg ha−1) and T4 (tebuthiuron 4 kg ha−1).

Unsupervised Clustering of Forest Response to Drought Stress in Zululand Region, South Africa
Xulu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 531

Figure 4 The cluster plots of three similarity measures of trees based on Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI). Cluster 1 represents drought-affected trees and cluster 2 represents non-drought affected trees.

Warming Alters Plant Chemical and Nutrient Compositions by Affecting Metabolites in Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:7, Article 553

Figure 1 The concentrations of reactive oxygen species in Cunninghamia lanceolata
 under the control (CT) and warming (W) treatments (mean ± standard deviation, n = 5). (a) Superoxide anion (O2), (b) hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), (c) malondialdehyde (MDA).


Daylength helps temperate deciduous trees to leaf-out at the optimal time
Fu et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:7, pp 2410-2418

Global patterns of intraspecific leaf trait responses to elevation
Midolo et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:7, pp 2485-2498

The climate sensitivity of carbon, timber, and species richness covaries with forest age in boreal-temperate North America
Thom et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:7, pp 2446-2458


ENSO-Influenced Drought Drives Methane Flux Dynamics in a Tropical Wet Forest Soil
Aronson et al. in: Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences (2019), 124:7, pp 2267-2276

Global Patterns in Net Primary Production Allocation Regulated by Environmental Conditions and Forest Stand Age: A Model-Data Comparison
Xia et al. in: Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences (2019), 124:7, pp 2039-2059

Traumatic Resin Ducts in Alaska Mountain Hemlock Trees Provide a New Proxy for Winter Storminess
Gaglioti et al. in: Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences (2019), 124:7, pp 1923-1938

Two Decades of Experimental Manipulation Reveal Potential for Enhanced Biomass Accumulation and Water Use Efficiency in Ponderosa Pine Plantations Across Climate Gradients
Liles et al. in: Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences (2019), 124:7, pp 2321-2334


Biological soil crust and vascular plant interactions in Western Myall (Acacia papyrocarpa) open woodland in South Australia
Steggles et al. in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2019), 30:4, pp 756-764

Grazing and warming effects on shrub growth and plant species composition in subalpine dry tundra: An experimental approach
Lokken et al. in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2019), 30:4, pp 698-708


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi improve the growth and drought tolerance of Zenia insignis seedlings under drought stress
Zhang et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 593-604

Estimation of genetic parameters using spatial analysis of Pinus elliottii Engelm. var. elliottii second-generation progeny trials in Argentina
Belaber et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 605-627

Genetic and geographic variation in growth of Balanites aegyptiaca in Niger: comparing results from provenance/progeny tests in the nursery and field
Weber et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 643-661

Growth and yield of 5years old teak and flueggea in single and mixed species forestry systems in the Solomon Islands
Vigulu et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 629-642

Prediction of post-thinning stem volume in slash pine stands by means of state and transition models
Fiandino et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 663-676

Rehabilitation silviculture in a high-graded temperate mixedwood stand in Quebec, Canada
Prevost, Charette in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 677-698

Survival and growth dynamics of red spruce seedlings planted under different forest cover densities and types
Dumais et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 573-592

The effect of tree planting density on the relative development of weeds and hybrid poplars on revegetated mine slopes vulnerable to erosion
Remaury, Guittonny, Rickson in: New Forests (2019), 50:4, pp 555-572


A comprehensive genomic scan reveals gene dosage balance impacts on quantitative traits in Populus trees  
Bastiaanse et al. in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2019), 116:27, pp 13690-13699

Conflicting functional effects of xylem pit structure relate to the growth-longevity trade-off in a conifer species  
Roskilly et al. in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2019), 116:30, pp 15282-15287


Characterization of the developmental dynamics of the elongation of a bamboo internode during the fast growth stage  
Wei et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:7, pp 1201-1214


An investigation of tree growth in permeable paving
Johnson et al. in: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening (2019), 43, Article 126374

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