Growth and Productivity of Forests


Acorn size is more important than nursery fertilization for outplanting performance of Quercus variabilis container seedlings 
Shi et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:1, Article 22

Forest stand productivity derived from site conditions: an assessment of old Douglas-fir stands (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. menziesii) in Central Europe 
Eckhart et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:1, Article 19

Harmonisation of stem volume estimates in European National Forest Inventories 
Gschwantner et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:1, Article 24

Interactive effects of defoliation and water deficit on growth, water status, and mortality of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP)
Bouzidi et al. in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:1, Article 21


Defining the native and naturalised flora for the Australian continent  
Fensham, Laffineur in: Australian Journal of Botany (2019), 67:1, pp 55-69


A partial deciduous canopy, coupled with site preparation, produces excellent growth of planted white spruce
Lieffers et al. in: Canadian Journal of Forest Research (2019), 49:3, pp 270-280


Competition increased fine root biomass in Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantations in Subtropical China 
Liao et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 435, pp 151-157

Dendrochronological assessment of springs effects on ponderosa pine growth, Arizona, USA 
Fuchs, Stevens, Fule in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 435, pp 89-96

Differences in growth and areal production between Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst) regeneration material representing different levels of genetic improvement 
Liziniewicz, Berlin in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 435, pp 158-169

Influence of fire and harvest severity on understory plant communities
Jean et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 436, pp 88-104

Large-scale patterns in forest growth rates are mainly driven by climatic variables and stand characteristics 
Zhang et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 435, pp 120-127

Management implications of tree growth patterns in miombo woodlands of Zambia  
Chidumayo in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 436, pp 105-116

Modelling leaf dispersal and nutrient return in tree species mixtures  
Nickmans et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 436, pp 68-78

Multiple abiotic and biotic drivers of aboveground biomass shift with forest stratum  
Ali et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 436, pp 1-10

Nitrogen cycling in monospecific and mixed-species plantations of Acacia mangium and Eucalyptus at 4 sites in Brazil  
Voigtlaender et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 436, pp 56-67

Stump sprout dynamics of Quercus serrata Thunb. and Q. acutissima Carruth. four years after cutting in an abandoned coppice forest in western Japan 
Dinh et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 435, pp 45-56


Bayesian Mapping Reveals Large-Effect Pleiotropic QTLs for Wood Density and Slenderness Index in 17-Year-Old Trees of Eucalyptus cladocalyx  
Valenzuela et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 241

Figure 1
Bayesian clustering approach showing three groups genetically differentiated, according to the geographical origin of E. cladocalyx in Australia. The blue dots correspond to the populations from Marble Range and Cowell, the yellow dots correspond to the population from Flinders Chase, the red dots correspond to the populations from Wirrabara and Remarkable, and the green dots correspond to the local population taken from Illapel, Chile.

Carbon Isotopes of Riparian Forests Trees in the Savannas of the Volta Sub-Basin of Ghana Reveal Contrasting Responses to Climatic and Environmental Variations  
Boakye et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 251

Figure 1
Location of the two study sites in two river catchments situated in different climatic zones of the Volta basin in Ghana, West Africa.

Changes in Spruce Growth and Biomass Allocation Following Thinning and Guying Treatments  
Nicoll, Connolly, Gardiner in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 253

Figure 1
The experimental site and treatments. From top: “Thinned” treatment; “Thinned and Guyed” treatment; Cables attached to a guyed tree.

Creating Landscape-Scale Site Index Maps for the Southeastern US Is Possible with Airborne LiDAR and Landsat Imagery  
Gopalakrishnam et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 234

Figure 5
Major steps involved in the generation of the site index map.

Differences in the Climate-Growth Relationship of Scots Pine: A Case Study from Poland and Hungary  
Misi et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 243

Figure 1
Distribution of Pinus sylvestris in Europe (dark blue shading) and locations of study sites (red circles) [Courtesy of EUFORGEN, (

Divergent Responses of Foliar N:P Stoichiometry During Different Seasons to Nitrogen Deposition in an Old-Growth Temperate Forest, Northeast China  
Yang, Mao, Jin in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 257

Figure 3
Effects of N addition on leaf N (a,d,g), leaf P (b,e,h) and the leaf N:P ratio (c,f,i) of three life forms in three seasons. Different uppercase letters indicate a significant difference among the three seasons under ambient. Different lowercase letters indicate a significant difference among the treatments in each month. Data are shown as the mean + SE.

Early Growth Response of Nine Timber Species to Release in a Tropical Mountain Forest of Southern Ecuador  
Cabrera et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 254

Figure 2
Implementation scheme of the applied silviculture treatment with photos during the campaign (May 2004, place: Q5).

Effects of Seed Size and Sand Burial on Germination and Early Growth of Seedlings for Coastal Pinus thunbergii Parl. in the Northern Shandong Peninsula, China  
Mao et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 281

Figure 1
Characteristics of seeds of Pinus thumbergii Parl. in different size groups. (a): 1000-seed weight; (b): seed maximum length; (c): seed maximum width; (d): soluble sugar concentration; (e): starch concentration. SI: large seeds; SII: medium seeds; SIII: small seeds. Values are means ± standard deviation (SD). Means with different letters are significantly different from each other (p < 0.05).

Forest Growing Stock Volume Estimation in Subtropical Mountain Areas Using PALSAR-2 L-Band PolSAR Data  
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 276

Figure 3
Flowchart of analysis steps.

Functional Crown Architecture of Five Temperate Broadleaf Tree Species: Vertical Gradients in Leaf Morphology, Leaf Angle, and Leaf Area Density
Hagemeier, Leuschner in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 265

Figure 1
Size of leaf laminas in dependence on height in the canopy of the five tree species. Every point stands for the mean and SD of 125 measurements each taken at a given crown height (different trees from two sites per species). Note different y-axis scaling in the graphs.

Harvesting Design by Capital Return
Karenlampi in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 283

Figure 1
Stem count and basal area of seven stands not previously thinned commercially (filled markers), and four stands thinned commercially (unfilled markers). The rightmost marker within any curve includes all trees on the measured plot. Other markers correspond only trees determined to be of acceptable quality for further growing. The leftmost marker within any curve corresponds to trees not larger than 150 mm in breast-height diameter. The diameter limit is increased by 50 mm for each step to the right.

Implementing Climate Change and Associated Future Timber Price Trends in a Decision Support System Designed for Irish Forest Management and Applied to Ireland’s Western Peatland Forests
Lundholm, Corrigan, Nieuwenhuis in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 270

Figure 2
Components required to build a Woodstock forest management decision support system model and generate and solve the matrix to generate outputs for reporting.

Insights into the BRT (Boosted Regression Trees) Method in the Study of the Climate-Growth Relationship of Masson Pine in Subtropical China
Gu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 228

Figure 1
The study area and meteorology station. Five study areas include FJS (Fanjing Mountain), JLA (Jiulian Mountain), JLN (Jiuling Mountain), TBS (Tongbai Mountain), and WYS (Wuyi Mountain).

Landsat 8 Based Leaf Area Index Estimation in Loblolly Pine Plantations  
Blinn et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 222

Figure 1 Cont.
Ground LAI plot locations shown as yellow triangles over Landsat 8 OLI imagery displayed with the color-infrared band combination NIR, Red, Green as RGB. The Virginia site is on the top left (A) over a 16/34 OLI image from 14 March 2014 and the Alabama site is on the top right (B) over a 21/37 OLI image from 13 February 2014. (C) shows the study site locations within Virginia and Alabama, U.S. and Landsat path/rows used.

Leaf Enzyme and Plant Productivity Responses to Environmental Stress Associated with Sea Level Rise in Two Asian Mangrove Species  
Lv et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 250

Figure 1
Effects of salinity and flooding time on the biomass of seedlings; Ac: A. corniculatum; Bs: B. sexangula; (a): The change of Ac seedlings biomass, (b): The change of Bs seedlings biomass; flooding time treatment: T1:2 h, T2: 4 h, T3:6 h, T4:8 h; salinity treatment: S1:10 ppt, S2:20 ppt, S3: 30 ppt, S4:40 ppt; the vertical bars are standard errors. Different letters indicate significant differences (p < 0.05).

Leaf Fresh Weight Versus Dry Weight: Which is Better for Describing the Scaling Relationship between Leaf Biomass and Leaf Area for Broad-Leaved Plants?  
Huang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 256

Figure 1
Leaf examples of 15 species of plants: (a) Cinnamomum camphora;
(b) C. chekiangense;
(c) Lindera angustifolia;
(d) Phoebe chekiangensis;
(e) P. sheareri;
(f) Forsythia viridissima;
(g) Ligustrum lucidum;
(h) L. sinense;
(i) Osmanthus fragrans;
(j) Syringa oblata var. alba;
(k) Bambusa emeiensis;
(l) B. multiplex;
(m) Chimonobambusa sichuanensis;
(n) Hibanobambusa tranquillans f. shiroshima;
(o) Indosasa sinica.

Leaf-Associated Shifts in Bacterial and Fungal Communities in Response to Chicken Rearing Under Moso Bamboo Forests in Subtropical China  
Zhang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 216

Figure 1
Bacterial and fungal compositions at the phylum level in the moso bamboo leaves. (a) Bacterial phyla with an average relative abundance of greater than 0.1%; (b) Fungal phyla relative abundance. MBF, adjacent moso bamboo forest; BCF, moso bamboo-chicken farming agroforestry.

Nitrogen and Phosphorus Concentration in Leaf Litter and Soil in Xishuangbanna Tropical Forests: Does Precipitation Limitation Matter?
Mani, Cao in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 242

Figure 1
Measured monthly precipitation (mm) and temperature (°C) at the study site.

Propagule Dispersal Determines Mangrove Zonation at Intertidal and Estuarine Scales
Wang, Li, Wang in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 245

Figure 1
Map of the study area (Bamen Bay, Hainan, China) showing the mangrove distribution and the locations of sites surveyed.

Robinia pseudoacacia L. in Short Rotation Coppice: Seed and Stump Shoot Reproduction as well as UAS-based Spreading Analysis
Carl et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 235

Graphical abstract

Spatial-Temporal Patterns of Spruce Budworm Defoliation within Plots in Quebec
Li et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 232

Figure 1
Comparison of plots with and without significant clustering of defoliation (based on results of global Moran’s I analyses (α = 0.05) for all host trees) by 25% balsam fir plot basal area classes for (a) total basal area in the plot, (b) average current year defoliation, and (c) standard deviation of individual tree defoliation within plots.

Species Mixing Effects on Height-Diameter and Basal Area Increment Models for Scots Pine and Maritime Pine
Riofrio et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 249

Figure 1
Effects of dominant height (Ho), quadratic mean diameter (dq), and species mixing proportion of target species (mPS or mPT) on the final h-d models in Equation (4) for Scots pine (a–c) and Maritime pine (d–f). Curves were produced using the parameter estimates in Table 2 and varying one explanatory variable at a time. Mean values of the data were used for predictors and the range of the variable of interest in the figure.

The Effects of Copper and Silver Nanoparticles on Container-Grown Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur L.) Seedlings 
Aleksandrowicz-Trzcinska et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 269

Figure 1
Ultrastructure of pine needles under TEM. (a) Cross-section of mesophyll cells in control needle. (b) Plant treated with 50 ppm AgNPs—osmophilic globules in cytoplasm. (c) Plant treated with 50 ppm CuNP—chloroplast with disturbed ultrastructure and many plastoglobules. (d) Chloroplasts in seedlings treated with 50 ppm AgNPs are of shape modified from lenticular to round. Abbreviations: cw—cell wall; m—mitochondrion; ch—chloroplast; is—intercellular space, v—vacuole; og—osmophilic globule; white arrow—plastoglobule. Scale bars: a = 5 µm, b = 10 µm, c = 2 µm, d = 1 µm.

The Relationship between Stem Diameter Shrinkage and Tree Bole Moisture Loss Due to Transpiration 
Tian et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 290

Figure 2
The trees with the instruments installed on them in the study sample plot.

Visualizing Current and Future Climate Boundaries of the Conterminous United States: Implications for Forests 
Hanberry, Fraser in: Forests (2019), 10:3, Article 280

Figure 1
Current plant hardiness zones (panel A) and plant hardiness zones under GFDL-ESM2G RCP8.5 (panel B), CanESM2 RCP8.5 (panel C), and HadGEM2-ES RCP8.5 (panel D).


Groundwater Extraction in Floodplain Forests Reduces Radial Growth and Increases Summer Drought Sensitivity of Pedunculate Oak Trees (Quercus robur L.)
Skiadaresis, Schwarz, Bauhus in: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (2019), 2, Article 5


How are nitrogen availability, fine-root mass, and nitrogen uptake related empirically? Implications for models and theory  
Dybzinski et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:3, pp 885-899

Reduced carbon use efficiency and increased microbial turnover with soil warming  
Li et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:3, pp 900-910

Stand basal area and solar radiation amplify white spruce climate sensitivity in interior Alaska: Evidence from carbon isotopes and tree rings 
Nicklen et al. in: Global Change Biology (2019), 25:3, pp 911-926


Analysing data sources’ suitability to support forest policy decision-making in the Czech Republic  
Synek, Hrib in: International Forestry Review (2019), 21:1, pp 92-107


Allometric Relations of Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) and its Red Leaf Cultivar (A. pseudoplatanus “Atropurpureum”) in Street and Park Habitats of Novi Sad (Serbia, Europe)  
Kostic et al. in: Journal of Forestry (2019), 117:2, pp 114-127


Listening to the Forest: An Artificial Neural Network-Based Model of Carbon Uptake at Harvard Forest  
Eshel et al. in: Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences (2019), 124:3, pp 572-584


Bryophytes in fir waves: Forest canopy indicator species and functional diversity decline in canopy gaps  
Berdugo, Dovciak in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2019), 30:2, pp 235-246

Consequences of biodiversity shift across phylogenetic scales for aspen and willow growth, survival, and herbivory  
Grossman, Cavender-Bares in: Journal of Vegetation Science (2019), 30:2, pp 301-311


Hurricane Maria tripled stem breaks and doubled tree mortality relative to other major storms  
Uriarte, Thompson, Zimmerman in: Nature Communications (2019), 10, Article 1362

Nitrogen-fixing trees could exacerbate climate change under elevated nitrogen deposition  
Kou-Giesbrecht, Menge in: Nature Communications (2019), 10, Article 1493


Effect of soil preparation method on root development of P. sylvestris and P. abies saplings in commercial forest stands  
Celma et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:2, pp 283-290

Exploring drivers and dynamics of early boreal forest recovery of heavily disturbed mine sites: a case study from a reconstructed landscape  
Merlin et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:2, pp 217-239

Restoring forests: regeneration and ecosystem function for the future 
Lof et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:2, pp 139-151

Should we use meshes or solid tube shelters when planting in Mediterranean semiarid environments? 
Oliet et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:2, pp 267-282

The effects of four repellents on bank vole consumption and germination of beech nuts and acorns 
Villalobos et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:2, pp 241-254

Tree, stand and site characteristics affecting the occurrence of lammas growth and multiple tops in field-grown Norway spruce  
Granhus et al. in: New Forests (2019), 50:2, pp 291-305

Twenty-year survivorship of tree seedlings in wind-created gaps in an upland hardwood forest in the eastern US 
Berg, Zarnoch, McNab in: New Forests (2019), 50:2, pp 323-344


Seedling drought tolerance and functional traits vary in response to the timing of water availability in a keystone Hawaiian tree species  
Westerband et al. in: Plant Ecology (2019), 220:3, pp 321-344


Role of forest regrowth in global carbon sink dynamics  
Pugh et al. in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (2019), 116:10, pp 4382-4387


Tree diversity increases robustness of multi-trophic interactions  
Fornoff et al. in: Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences (2019), 286:1898, Article 82399


Effect of pruning season and tool on knot occlusion and stem discolouration in Betula pendula – situation five years after pruning  
Niemisto, Kilpelainen, Herajarvi in: Silva Fennica (2019), 53:1, Article 10052

Genetic variation in phenology and growth among and within Norway spruce populations from two altitudinal transects in Mid-Norway  
Skroppa, Steffenrem in: Silva Fennica (2019), 53:1, Article 10076


A bZIP transcription factor, CaLMF, mediated light-regulated camptothecin biosynthesis in Camptotheca acuminata  
Chang et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:3, pp 372-380

A standardization method to disentangle environmental information from axial trends of xylem anatomical traits  
Lechthaler et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:3, pp 495-502

Growth-regulating factor 15 is required for leaf size control in Populus  
Zhou et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:3, pp 381-390

Heat stress tolerance determines the survival and growth of introduced Canadian sugar maple in subtropical China  
Zhu et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:3, pp 417-426

Hydraulic architecture and vulnerability to drought-induced embolism in southern boreal tree species of Inner Asia  
Dulamsuren et al. in: Tree Physiology (2019), 39:3, pp 463-473

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