Forest Growth and Productivity


Is tree age or tree size reducing height increment in Abies alba Mill. at its southernmost distribution limit?
Marziliano, Tognetti, Lombardi in: Annals of Forest Science (2019), 76:1, Article 17


A new tree-ring sampling method to estimate forest productivity and its temporal variation accurately in natural forests  
Xu et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 217-227

Allometric equations for Sequoia sempervirens in forests of different ages  
Sillett et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 349-363

Allometric models to estimate above-ground biomass and carbon stocks in Rhizophora apiculata tropical managed mangrove forests (Southern Viet Nam)  
Vinh et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 434, pp 131-141

Assessing the stability of radial growth responses to climate change by two dominant conifer trees species in the Tianshan Mountains, northwest China 
Jiao et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 667-677

Drivers of biomass recovery in a secondary forested landscape of West Africa  
N’Guessan et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 325-331

Effect of forest structure on stand productivity in Central European forests depends on developmental stage and tree species diversity  
Zeller, Pretzsch in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 434, pp 193-204

Effects of nitrogen deposition and UV-B radiation on seedling performance of Chinese tallow tree (Triadica sebifera): A photosynthesis perspective  
Deng et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 193-204

Eight-year blight (Cryphonectria parasitica) resistance of backcross-generation American chestnuts (Castanea dentata) planted in the southeastern United States
Clark et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 153-161

Evidence for population differentiation among Jeffrey and Ponderosa pines in survival, growth and phenology  
Martinez-Berdeja et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 434, pp 40-48

How do tree mortality models from combined tree-ring and inventory data affect projections of forest succession?  
Vanoni et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 606-617

Is thinning an alternative when trees could die in response to drought? The case of planted Pinus nigra and P-Sylvestris stands in southern Spain  
Navarro-Cerrillo et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 313-324

Leaf area density from airborne LiDAR: Comparing sensors and resolutions in a temperate broadleaf forest ecosystem  
Kamoske et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 364-375

More than climate? Predictors of tree canopy height vary with scale in complex terrain, Sierra Nevada, CA (USA)
Fricker et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 434, pp 142-153

Recovery of tropical moist deciduous dipterocarp forest in Southern Vietnam
Do et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 184-204

Restoration of tropical rain forest success improved by selecting species for specific microhabitats
Kardiman et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 434, pp 235-243

Root system origin and structure influence planting shock of black spruce seedlings in boreal microsites  
Pernot, Thiffault, DesRochers in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 594-605

Season of burn effects on vegetation structure and composition in oak-dominated Appalachian hardwood forests 
Keyser, Greenberg, McNab in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 441-452

Shifts in forest composition in the eastern United States 
Knott et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 176-183

Site sensitive maximum stand density index models for mixed conifer stands across the Inland Northwest, USA 
Kimsey, Shaw, Coleman in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 396-404

The carbon balance of a six-year-old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) ecosystem estimated by different methods
Uri et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 248-262

Topography and soils-based mapping reveals fine-scale compositional shifts over two centuries within a central Appalachian landscape
Dyer, Hutchinson in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 33-42

Tree traits influence response to fire severity in the western Oregon Cascades, USA
Johnston, Dunn, Vernon in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 690-698

Variation in annual carbon fluxes affecting the SOC pool in hemiboreal coniferous forests in Estonia 
Kriiska et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 419-430

When do dendrometric rules fail? Insights from 20 years of experimental thinnings on sessile oak in the GIS Coop network 
Trouve et al. in: Forest Ecology and Management (2019), 433, pp 276-286


Hymenoscyphus pusillus, a new species on leaves of Fraxinus pennsylvanica in Poland
Kowalski, Bilanski in: Forest Pathology (2019), 49:1, Article 12481


Aboveground Biomass Allocation and Additive Allometric Models for Natural Larix gmelinii in the Western Daxing’anling Mountains, Northeastern China 
Meng et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 150

Figure 1
The location of the study area and sampling sites in the western Daxing’anling Mountains, northeastern China

Adaptability of Populus to Physiography and Growing Conditions in the Southeastern USA 
Ghezehei et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 118

Figure 2
Biomass-based percentages of stem wood (from the total tree wood) for three sampled clones (140,187, and 188) sampled from stands located in the upper Blue Ridge Mountains (LS), the lower Blue Ridge Mountains (MR), and the Piedmont (SB) of North Carolina

Allometric Models for Estimation of Forest Biomass in North East India
Nath et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 103

Figure 1
Geographical location of sampling points

Annual Variations in Norway Spruce Xylem Studied Using Infrared Micro-spectroscopy  
Huang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 164

Figure 1
Visual survey image of Norway spruce subsample with colored arrows showing the principle spatial position of the four scan lines recorded on each of the investigated subsamples

Caribou Conservation: Restoring Trees on Seismic Lines in Alberta, Canada
Filicetti, Cody, Nielsen in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 185

Graphical abstract

Climate Change Impacts on Pinus pinea L. Silvicultural System for Cone Production and Ways to Contour Those Impacts: A Review Complemented with Data from Permanent Plots
Freire, Rodrigues, Tome in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 169

Figure 1
Cone production per tree in relation to the diameter at breast height and crown diameter

Climate Response of Douglas Fir Reveals Recently Increased Sensitivity to Drought Stress in Central Europe
Vejpustkova, Cihak in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 97

Figure 1
Location of sample regions (circles) and meteorological stations (triangles) against the background of a shaded relief image of the Czech Republic

Decreased Temperature with Increasing Elevation Decreases the End-Season Leaf-to-Wood Reallocation of Resources in Deciduous Betula ermanii Cham. Trees
Cong et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 166

Figure 1
Seasonal tissues concentration (Mean ± 1SD; % of dry matter) changes in non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) compounds of Betula ermanii
 Cham. trees along elevational gradients in Changbai Mountain (n
 = 5 for each elevational site and tissue type). Different letters display significant differences at the 0.05 level among elevations as determined by Tukey’s HSD test

Drought Differentially Affects Growth, Transpiration, and Water Use Efficiency of Mixed and Monospecific Planted Forests
Sinacore et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 153

Figure 1
Spatial planting pattern of the two target species combinations, including trees of both species with heterospecific neighbors, indicated by the points within solid lines. Monoculture plots with each species not shown. Each plot consists of 15 × 15 trees (42 × 36.5 m), and includes a buffer zone of three rows around a core plot of 9 × 9 trees (27 × 23.4 m; central rectangle).

Dynamics of Tropical Forest Twenty-Five Years after Experimental Logging in Central Amazon Mature Forest 
Amaral et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 89

Figure 1
Dynamics in the mortality rate observed over 25 years of monitoring for all treatments studied

Ecophysiological Responses of Carpinus turczaninowii L. to Various Salinity Treatments  
Zhou et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 96

Figure 1 Cont.
Stomatal structure on the leaf surface (a), ×1200, and leaf cross-section (b), ×600, of C. turczaninowii under salinity treatments.

Effect of Microenvironment on Species Distribution Patterns in the Regeneration Layer of Forest Gaps and Non-Gaps in a Subtropical Natural Forest, China 
He et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 90

Figure 1
Shows a map of the sampling locations used in this study. The area of the Castanopsis kawakamii Nature Reserve is above 700 hectares, and the plant species composition is dominated by a mature C. kawakamii population where its age is around 100 years [3]

Effects of Prescribed Fire, Site Factors, and Seed Sources on the Spread of Invasive Triadica sebifera in a Fire-Managed Coastal Landscape in Southeastern Mississippi, USA
Yang et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 175

Figure 2
The design of rectangular plots and site/stand condition variables collected to study tallow colonization and spread along habitat edges (roadways and file lines)

Efficiency of Different Machine Layouts for Chain Flail Delimbing, Debarking and Chipping
McEwan, Brink, Spinelli in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 126

Figure 1
The two machine types at work: integrated (a) and combination (b)

Estimation of Forest NPP and Carbon Sequestration in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, Using the Biome-BGC Model
Chen, Xiao in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 149

Figure 2
The distribution map of forest types in the TGRA in 2012.

Fine Root Biomass Mediates Soil Fauna Community in Response to Nitrogen Addition in Poplar Plantations (Populus deltoids) on the East Coast of China
Bian et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 122

Figure 1
The density of total soil fauna (Dtotal, a) and phytophagous soil fauna (Dp, b) along the N addition gradient and the soil profile (red for 0–10 cm, green for 10–25 cm, and blue for 25–40 cm). N0, N1, N2, N3, N4 indicate the gradient of N additions (N0: 0 kg N ha−1 year−1; N1: 50 kg N ha−1 year−1; N2: 100 kg N ha−1 year−1; N3: 150 kg N ha−1 year−1; N4: 300 kg N ha−1 year−1)

Hormones and Heterosis in Hybrid Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera L.)  
Hu, Thomas in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 143

Figure 1
Mean stem volumes (cm3) (+SE) for 6-year-old Alberta × Quebec cross-type families grown at two Alberta sites (AB1 and AB2). Significant differences between family means are indicated by different letters at p ≤ 0.05

Identification and Analysis of microRNAs in the SAM and Leaves of Populus tomentosa  
Cui et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 130

Figure 1
Samples used for high-throughput sequencing and qRT-PCR analyses of P. tomentosa. (a) Reactivating stage, (b) initial active stage, and (c) stable active stage. The materials used for small RNA sequencing (sRNA-seq) are shown in the blue dashed box and those used for qRT-PCR in the green dashed box. SAM: shoot apical meristem.

Impact Assessment of Skidding Extraction: Effects on Physical and Chemical Properties of Forest Soils and on Maple Seedling Growing along the Skid Trail
Solgi et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 134

Figure 2
Schematic representation of both transect location along the trails and microplots.

Nutrient and Bioactive Composition of Five Gabonese Forest Fruits and Their Potential Contribution to Dietary Reference Intakes of Children Aged 1-3 Years and Women Aged 19-60 Years
Fungo et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 86

Figure 2
Fruits of A. lepidophyllus, G. lacourtiana, P. longifolia and nuts of P. oleosa and P. oleosa

Presenting MASSIMO: A Management Scenario Simulation Model to Project Growth, Harvests and Carbon Dynamics of Swiss Forests
Stadelmann et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 94

Figure 1
Flowchart of the individual-tree simulator MASSIMO (MAnagement Scenario SImulation Model). Note: the grey shaded fields complement the growth sub-model; tree history is used as a tree-level state variable.

Short-Term Nitrogen Addition Does Not Significantly Alter the Effects of Seasonal Drought on Leaf Functional Traits in Machilus pauhoi Kanehira Seedlings
Yu et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 78

Figure 1
Principal component analysis of leaf chemical and physiological traits in Machilus pauhoi seedlings. Leaf C concentrations (LCC); Leaf N concentrations (LNC); Leaf P concentrations (LPC); Leaf C:N ratio (C:N ratio); Leaf C:P ratio (C:P ratio); Leaf N:P ratio (N:P ratio); Net photosynthetic rate (A); Transpiration rate (E); Stomatal conductance (Gs); Predawn leaf water potential (ψPD); Water use efficiency (WUE); Midday leaf water potential (ψM); Intercellular CO2 concentrations (Ci); Leaf relative water content (LRWC). Each point indicates one replicate.

Size-Dependent Patterns of Seed Rain in Gaps in Temperate Secondary Forests, Northeast China 
Yan, Gang, Zhu in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 123

Figure 1
Transects and sampling points used to investigate the seed rain and soil seed banks, and three categories of positions (i.e., gap, edge, and under canopy) determined according to the distances from the center of each artificial forest gap.

Some Factors Involved in the Success of Side Veneer Grafting of Pinus engelmannii Carr.
Perez-Luna et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 112

Figure 3
Anatomical sections of grafted organs of Pinus engelmannii Carr., observed at a total magnification of 40×: (a) scion, (b) rootstock.

Spatial Analysis of Temperate Forest Structure: A Geostatistical Approach to Natural Forest Potential 
Prieto-Amparan et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 168

Figure 2
Sampling of structural variables of the forest (a), study unit: watershed (b).

Species Diversity Associated with Foundation Species in Temperate and Tropical Forests 
Ellison et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 128

Figure 1
The geographic distribution of the six ForestGEO study sites we assessed for foundation species and their effects on diversity of associated woody plants. The size of the symbols are proportional to species richness of living woody species at each site: Wind River (20 species), Tyson (42), Harvard Forest (51), Luquillo (135), Barro Colorado Island (297), and Amacayacu (1232)

The Long-Term Effects of Wind Disturbance on a Sitka Spruce-Western Hemlock Forest
Harmon, Pabst in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 119

Figure 1
Permanent plot locations in Cascade Head Experimental Forest, Otis, OR, USA, established in 1935 by the US Forest Service.

The Stability of Mean Wood Specific Gravity across Stand Age in US Forests Despite Species Turnover 
Healey, Menlove in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 114

Figure 1
Ecological divisions [21] used here to analyze trends in WSG and species turnover across the United States.

Timber and Branch Volume Prediction: Effects of Stand and Site Characteristics on Dendromass and Timber-To-Branch Volume Ratio of Norway Spruce in Managed Forests
Sticha et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 144

Figure 1
Location of 76 research plots with Norway spruce forest stands (black dots); gray lines showing separating Natural Forest Areas and gray areas forest cover with dominating Norway spruce in the Czech Republic. The dominating spruce layer was created by classifying ESA Sentinel-2 satellite images by pixel sorting based on spectral spruce response during phenological vegetation phases using data collected during the National Forest inventory. The author of the tree species determination method was Dr. Filip Hájek, the author of the spruce layer was Ing. Markéta Kantorová, data source ÚHÚL Brandýs nad Labem, and software ArsGis (Esri)

Which Selective Logging Intensity is Most Suitable for the Maintenance of Soil Properties and the Promotion of Natural Regeneration in Highly Continental Scots Pine Forests?-Results 19 Years after Harvest Operations in Mongolia
Sukhbaatar et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 141

Figure 2
Design of a research plot (20 × 20 m). All trees in the plot were measured. Regeneration was assessed in each of the five regeneration plots (2 × 2 m). Soil sampling was carried out at the center of each research plot.

Wood Density Variations of Legume Trees in French Guiana along the Shade Tolerance Continuum: Heartwood Effects on Radial Patterns and Gradients
Lehnebach et al. in: Forests (2019), 10:2, Article 80

Figure 1
Schematic representation of wood disc showing the positions of the samples. Each diametric wood sample was divided into 0.5 cm tangential segments. Pith is contained in the central segment (i.e., radial position = 0). Each segment was also referenced regarding the type of wood (heartwood, sapwood, or both). The thick black lines show the position of clusters of samples used to establish the distribution of both inner and outer wood density (i.e., close to the pith and to the bark respectively)


Decadal biomass increment in early secondary succession woody ecosystems is increased by CO2 enrichment
Walker et al. in: Nature Communications (2019), 10, Article 454

Ecosystem structural changes controlled by altered rainfall climatology in tropical savannas
Zhang et al. in: Nature Communications (2019), 10, Article 671

Tree-ring isotopes capture interannual vegetation productivity dynamics at the biome scale
Levesque et al. in: Nature Communications (2019), 10, Article 742


North America’s oldest boreal trees are more efficient water users due to increased [CO2], but do not grow faster  
Giguere-Croteau et al. in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2019), 116:7, pp 2749-2754


Heritability and genetic architecture of reproduction-related traits in a temperate oak species
Caignard et al. in: Tree Genetics & Genomes (2019), 15:1, Article 1


Comparing the infiltration potentials of soils beneath the canopies of two contrasting urban tree species  
Rahman et al. in: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening (2019), 38, pp 22-32

The effects of root pruning on growth and physiology of two Acer species in New Zealand  
Benson, Morgenroth, Koeser in: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening (2019), 38, pp 64-73

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